Drawing a body is difficult – even daunting – for many beginners.
Trying to tát create an anatomically correct figure is not always easy. But don’t worry, in this detailed guide, we will share some simple methods to tát make drawing a toàn thân more achievable.
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The toàn thân is integral to tát many aspects of artmaking; you need it for any character you might want to tát create or even in environmental artworks with people in the background.
So studying and practising how to tát draw a toàn thân is important. You want to tát feel comfortable creating stylized figures in whatever poses and designs you would lượt thích.
The toàn thân is difficult to tát capture through art as there are many components to tát consider. You must remember to tát engage the fundamentals of art, specifically considering khuông, structure, and composition – as well as considering proportions and figure anatomy, toàn thân movements, and stylization.
To make this scary process easier to tát approach, we have broken it down into some simple steps. As well as this, you could try out our specialized course, ‘Figure Drawing For Beginners’.
Before you can begin adding personality and stylization to tát the bodies your draw, it is integral to tát understand the proportions of human anatomy.
Getting the toàn thân proportionally correct can be difficult, but there are a few shape-work techniques you can use to tát sketch the human toàn thân.
These will help you learn how to tát sketch a very front-facing toàn thân, but luckily they can still be used as a basis for drawing other angles as well.
The Eight-Head Rule
First, you have to tát consider the toàn thân as it is in real life; a connection and chain of joints. Drawing the toàn thân becomes easier when you break it down into these parts.
There is a general rule, devised during the Renaissance, that the ideal human toàn thân is eight heads long.
This rule helps you to tát map out the general shape of the human toàn thân. However, this rule can make adding more flow to tát your toàn thân difficult.
As you move on to tát creating more expressive characters, you can become more liberal with using eight equal parts, changing around sizing and angles of these guidelines to tát better suit your character’s toàn thân language.
But, to tát begin with, we will plot eight equal parts. You can also add a vertical line of flow through your eight segments, showing the posture and positioning of your body’s figure. This almost acts lượt thích your drawing’s spine.
The eight parts represent different elements of the human body;
- The head
- The shoulders and upper chest
- The lower chest and stomach
- The pubic bones
- The thighs
- The knees
- The shins
- And finally, the feet
Each toàn thân is extremely different, and therefore some of these steps may vary depending on what you are trying to tát achieve. Additionally, the male and female toàn thân proportions have a different overall shape, meaning that the linework for each will differ.
To begin with, draw the head in the first segment. This is typically an oval shape; however, you can adjust the proportions to tát match whatever figure and toàn thân type you want to tát achieve.
Starting with the head may feel unnatural, but it really helps you get the flow of the toàn thân, as you work your way down from head to tát toe.
Even when not following the Renaissance eight-head rule, I still lượt thích to start with plotting down the head as it is a good starting spot and removes any complications, allowing you to tát immediately understand the sizing and proportions of the toàn thân you will be creating.
You could also kiểm tra out our detailed guide on the Loomis method for drawing the head.
How bởi you draw a male body?
For a male figure, the head may have a square jaw shape, to tát really emphasize the bone structure immediately within your drawing! The neck will also be quite broad.
How bởi you draw a female body?
For a female figure, the head is a softer egg-like shape, with a less harsh jaw than thở a male figure. The neck on the female toàn thân will be a slimmer connection.
For sketching beneath the head, you can begin by drawing a sort of trapezium shape that takes up the space in parts two and three of your segments. This shape represents the chest and stomach area of the toàn thân.
The top-right corners of the trapezium shape show where the shoulder joints sit, you can draw small circles to tát represent this notion. You can also draw an oval shape in the trapezium to tát highlight where the rib cage would be.
As the male toàn thân typically has broader shoulders, keep the top half of the trapezium wide. Also, the male figure has a less curvy waist, ví make sure the bottom half of the trapezium does not taper inwards too much.
A typically female shape will taper more inwards towards the bottom half to tát highlight the curves of the waist.
The Pelvic Area
Beneath this first shape, you can now draw a smaller trapezium in the fourth segment. This shape marks out the placement of the body’s pelvis area. Within this trapezium shape, you can also add an upside-down triangle shape to tát map out the toàn thân further.
Now that the upper and lower half of the torso have been drawn create connecting lines between them. This will be a sort of curve (or more straight line for a male body) to tát reveal the waist of your toàn thân.
For a male toàn thân, create a sort of square shape that only just tapers outwards towards the over of the toàn thân to tát establish smaller hip bones.
For a feminine toàn thân type, this trapezium will be vertically flipped and smaller in comparison to tát the one above! This is to tát create a sort of hourglass figure; however, you can adjust the size and dynamics of this linework to tát create whatever toàn thân type you wish to tát achieve.
It’s time to tát move on to tát the legs! This step can be achieved by plotting out the shapes that you want, generally placing the thighs in the fifth and sixth segments, and the calves and feet in the seventh and eighth.
Additionally, try marking out the knee joint at around the sixth horizontal line marker.
You can then connect the legs to tát the hips, making them flow smoothly into the toàn thân.
When drawing a male toàn thân, the legs may be more similarly sized to tát the hips. This would mean removing any curve from the waist, instead creating a more parallel and straight look, making the hips, thighs, and calves appear as a more similar size; apart from the skinnier area around the knees and the ankles.
For a female toàn thân, the upper thighs would connect with the hips at a wider, more curvaceous angle. Also, the thighs will most likely be thicker than thở the calves.
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To draw the arms, you will look back to tát the shoulder markings you made earlier! This reveals where the arms will begin. Typically, the upper arm should take up about one and a half segments, with the forearm only filling one, and the hands taking up roughly half a segment.
For a character standing completely straight and front-on, this would leave the hands hitting a bit above your drawing’s knees to tát keep everything in proportion to tát the body!
Male arms will stem off of broader shoulders and may have half more muscle definition.
These arms will most likely be tighter to tát the toàn thân, due to tát the less broad shoulders.
Finishing the Body!
After following these basic guidelines, you will have an outline of a human figure, including all the significant features and joints that characterize the toàn thân.
This is an easy method to tát correctly capture the human toàn thân through proportionally correct anatomical linework.
However, now that you have an understanding of where the main joints and connections of the toàn thân are, you may want to tát endeavor to tát add details outside of just a simple mannequin-like sketch.
You can bởi this by overlaying linework with more flow and human-like features.
How to tát improve!
To gain a thorough understanding of how to tát draw bodies in many different ways, such as gesture drawings or action shots, it is important to tát practice, practice, practice!!!
Get out some reference images and try to tát use and adapt the eight-head rule to tát help map out your proportions. Studying the human khuông through visuals is one of the most important ways of learning how to tát draw a toàn thân.
Make sure you try several different poses and angles to tát deepen your understanding of the body!
There are many different ways you can practice, using online references, live references, or even your imagination if you are feeling brave! All of these are extremely important steps in helping you get really comfortable with drawing the human figure.
As you experiment with poses, you can try out new things lượt thích maybe someone sitting down, khiêu vũ, or lying down. You can also try out different toàn thân shapes and types, maybe your character is short, or abnormally tall.
When you are practicing and sketching, you can create any toàn thân shape you want, using the general eight-head rule, and following some reference images!
If you are feeling particularly stumped as to tát how to tát draw certain toàn thân movements, you could even try tracing your reference image and studying the linework to tát really understand the flow and positioning of the human toàn thân.
If you use Procreate for your drawings then don’t forget to tát kiểm tra the best online Procreate courses here and our guide on how to tát trace on Procreate. We also have some amazing guide on Procreate tips that you might lượt thích.
Gesture drawing is a great method of practice as it is a significant exercise that can help you fully grasp how to tát draw a toàn thân.
The practice of gesture drawing involves making a quick and simplified sketch of your subject matter (typically a human body).
When gesture drawing, you are trying to tát plot down the main elements of the figure in quick and simple linework to tát capture the general feel of the toàn thân and the pose you are trying to tát communicate.
This is very helpful in allowing you to tát get a feel for the flow of the toàn thân and how to tát visually communicate toàn thân language, gestures, and poses, in a very simplified manner.
To bởi gesture drawing, all you really need is a pen and paper, or maybe a drawing tablet or an Apple Pencil and iPad, and some sort of reference.
This can simply be an online reference image, or if you wanted to tát try gesture drawing the traditional way, you could use a live model—maybe even try to tát find a class to tát attend.
Then, all that’s left to tát bởi is start sketching the toàn thân as simply and quickly as you can, ignore specific details, and instead try to tát draw the flow and linework of the toàn thân.
Remember to tát give yourself a time limit, ranging from half an hour to tát under a minute.
As well as this, don’t use an eraser. Just let your pencil flow as you try to tát capture the essence of the toàn thân.
This time limit and lack of eraser will force you to tát really try and quickly plot down the main elements of the human khuông, making you more easily grasp any important details and therefore providing you with a better understanding of how to tát draw a toàn thân.
How to tát Stylize Your Body Drawings
Now that you know how to tát draw a toàn thân using these helpful techniques, you may want to tát know how to tát make these drawings feel lượt thích your own.
Stylization involves you finding your specific and individual style of drawing, and sticking to tát it consistently throughout your artwork. There are countless ways of creating art, and everyone will find their own style through practice.
One method you can use to tát find your style is to tát test out different ways of drawing a toàn thân until you find something that works for you, adapting it until it becomes your own.
Experiment with linework; try different sketching styles, lượt thích using harsh confident linework or smooth-flowing lines.
Because styles are ví limitless, there are ví many methods you can use to tát learn how to tát stylize your body; an especially effective method would be to tát kiểm tra out our ‘How to tát Stylize Characters’ course.
Drawing a toàn thân is a difficult task, especially because there are ví many different components to tát consider.
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However, if you remember to tát break it down into sections, thinking of the toàn thân as a series of joints, muscles, and bones, you can begin to tát wrap your head around how to tát draw a toàn thân.
Hopefully, after practising and studying the human toàn thân, you will feel comfortable and familiar with this important yet difficult type of drawing.
By following the steps and practices above, you can now go and create whatever character you wish to tát, using figure drawing, anatomy, and proportions to tát create an interesting and stylized human body!