Mixed Blood: Silent Secrets

     

The past perfect is a verb tense which is used khổng lồ show that an kích hoạt took place once or many times before another point in the past. Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, & present perfect exercises.

Bạn đang xem: Mixed blood: silent secrets


Past Perfect Forms

The past perfect is formed using had + past participle. Questions are indicated by inverting the subject & had. Negatives are made with not.

Statement: You had studied English before you moved to New York. Question: Had you studied English before you moved lớn New York? Negative: You had not studied English before you moved to lớn New York.

Complete menu of Past Perfect Forms

Past Perfect Uses

USE 1 Completed action Before Something in the Past

The past perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.


Examples:

I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went khổng lồ Kauai. I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet. Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the thành phố several times. Had Susan ever studied thai before she moved to Thailand? She only understood the movie because she had read the book. Kristine had never been khổng lồ an opera before last night. We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance. A: Had you ever visited the U.S. Before your trip in 2006? B: Yes, I had been lớn the U.S. Once before.

USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Past (Non-Continuous Verbs)

*

With non-continuous verbs and some non-continuous uses of mixed verbs, we use the past perfect to lớn show that something started in the past và continued up until another kích hoạt in the past.

Xem thêm: Viết Đoạn Văn Biểu Cảm Về Người Em Yêu Quý, Viết Đoạn Văn Biểu Cảm Về Đối Tượng Mà Em Yêu Quý


Examples:

We had had that car for ten years before it broke down. By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years. They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years.

Although the above use of past perfect is normally limited lớn non-continuous verbs and non-continuous uses of mixed verbs, the words live, work, teach, và study are sometimes used in this way even though they are NOT non-continuous verbs.


IMPORTANT Specific Times with the Past Perfect

*

Unlike with the present perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the past perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary.


Example:

She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.
MOREOVER

If the past perfect action did occur at a specific time, the simple past can be used instead of the past perfect when before or after is used in the sentence. The words before & after actually tell you what happens first, so the past perfect is optional. For this reason, both sentences below are correct.

Xem thêm: Người Anh Điêng Sinh Sống Chủ Yếu Ở Hoa Kì Người Anh, Hiện Nay Ở Hoa Kì Người Anh


Examples:

She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996. She visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.
HOWEVER

If the past perfect is not referring lớn an kích hoạt at a specific time, past perfect is not optional. Compare the examples below. Here past perfect is referring to a lack of experience rather than an action at a specific time. For this reason, simple past cannot be used.


Examples:

She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska. Not Correct She had never seen a bear before she moved to lớn Alaska. Correct

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


Examples:

You had previously studied English before you moved khổng lồ New York. Had you previously studied English before you moved to New York?

Examples:

George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic"s license. Active Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic"s license. Passive

More About Active / Passive Forms

Past Perfect Exercises

Verb Tense Exercise 11Simple Past and Past Perfect
Verb Tense Exercise 12Simple Past, Present Perfect, & Past Perfect
Verb Tense Exercise 13Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 14Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, & Past Perfect Continuous
Verb Tense Exercise 16Present và Past Tenses with Non-Continuous Verbs
Verb Tense Exercise 17Present và Past Tense Review
Verb Tense Practice TestCumulative Verb Tense Review
Verb Tense Final TestCumulative Verb Tense Review